Your department will have its own guidance. You may also want to make a clear decision about whether to start with a very narrow focus and work outwards, or to start wide before focussing in. professional letter writing services query They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. Keeping a record of your search strategy is useful, to prevent you duplicating effort by doing the same search twice, or missing out a significant and relevant sector of literature because you think you have already done that search. The reader needs to be able to follow up any source you have referred to.
It is important that your research fits logically within the existing research in your area, and you may have found an ideal study to link with and to extend in some way. With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins. scientific paper writing services outline You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written. The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing.
Wellington et al Perhaps if you modify your search strategy you will find something. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. write my research essay Search Site only in current section. A skill that helps in curtailing the reading is:
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Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. They will ask questions such as:. Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: Often hand searching of journals will reveal ideas about focus, research questions, methods, techniques, or interpretations that had not occurred to you. EndNote and RefWorks are software packages that you can use to collect and store details of your references, and your comments on them.
It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. It may be mainly a case of cutting and pasting material into a different order, with some additional explanation and linking. Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian.
A bibliography is not usually necessary or relevant, unless you have been asked to produce one. You need to check what is required within your own discipline. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
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There may be specific guidance on structure within your department, or you may need to devise your own. Although this can feel very disappointing at first, it can often be transformed into a benefit. press release writing service national parks You may even want to do both at once. Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming. For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more:.
This person can help you identify relevant sources, and create effective electronic searches:. Perhaps if you modify your search strategy you will find something. best college essay service friend Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more:.
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Check out whether there is an important reason why the research has not been done, which would make it sensible for you to choose a different focus. It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence. As with any piece of extended writing, structure is crucial. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically. Wellington et al
What is critical reading? Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question s. Almost all academic writing will need a reference list. You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context.
So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles. It is also important to see the writing stage as part of the research process, not something that happens after you have finished reading the literature. If this produces a more relevant and streamlined argument it is well worth the effort. It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence. It is often not until you start explaining something in writing that you find where your argument is weak, and you need to collect more evidence.